Useful tips

Navigation is a life-long learning process, and there is always more to find out and new places to explore. When you know the basics, you can learn more, explore new features and go even further.

Time and distance

By keeping track of time and your pace, you can estimate how far you have walked – and when you will reach your destination.

Navigating safely

When planning and travelling, use significant terrain objects to mark your route. Examples include rivers and lakes, hills, fields, paths, roads and power lines. By holding onto this visual “handrail” you travel faster and more safely, reducing the number of possible route-finding errors.

Orienting the Map

To quickly orient oneself with the map is an important aspect of orienteering. To determine your direction of travel, make sure the map is always oriented to north by matching the Magnetic North lines to the direction of Magnetic North on the ground by using the compass.

Positioning With Cross-Bearings

By following the Silva 1-2-3 System in reverse order, it’s easy to plot a compass bearing onto a map. Take a bearing to an object in the field that you can also locate on the map. Place the compass on the map with the baseplate’s long side intersecting the object to which the bearing was taken. Draw a line along the baseplate, and your position is somewhere along this line. Repeat the procedure using another object that you can see from your current location and you’ll be at the intersection of the two lines. For best accuracy, use objects that are on a 90-degree angle from each other versus your location. For even greater accuracy, use three lines.